If you are going to “Put Your Strengths to Work” in a job, other than the one you currently hold, you are going to need a resume. As a change from posts that concentrate on applying your CliftonStrengths to the job search, let’s concentrate on the unavoidable tool you need to get your foot in the door.
The resume is a huge job search topic, so it will be spread over a few posts. That way, you don’t drown in information. Plus, you might actually read all the info.
What is a resume?
First, you need to understand what a resume is and the purpose it serves. The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines a resume as “a short account of one’s career and qualifications or a set of accomplishments”. That description is accurate, but incomplete. A more precise description is a short account of one’s career activities which relate to a potential job.
is a record of what you have done in jobs you have held. It should highlight
examples of your skills, accomplishments, and talents. A successful resume is
one customized so that the person reading it can begin to envision you sitting
at the desk down the hall, or on the construction site, or in the Monday
morning Zoom call. It is not an all-inclusive list of everything you have done
in your life. A resume should provide the recipient with sufficient information
to encourage her to decide that you should be given further consideration for a
Should you create a resume?
Why would you go to the trouble of creating a resume?
To get a job! Seems obvious, doesn’t it.
More accurately, you create a resume to get an interview, to get a job. One thing at a time, if you please.
Beginning with the end in mind, you need to prepare
your resume so the person receiving it becomes sufficiently interested in your
ability to fill a position in her organization to be willing to grant you an
resume is a lot of work. If you are not currently looking for a job, why would
you spend time doing this (probably) less than fun activity. Well, there is a
positive and a negative reason.
The negative reason is that fate has a way of interrupting lives at the most inconvenient time. Think about the Great Recession or Covid pandemic job losses. Even in a healthy economy, companies downsize, right-size or capsize. In other words, you may be looking for work for reasons that are not of your choosing.
positive side, someone may contact you out of the blue and say they have heard
that you are the best salesperson, biochemical patent attorney, blacksmith or
whatever. They are wondering if you might be interested in a new opportunity
and would you be so kind as to send them your resume.
The Boy Scouts recommend be prepared. So does your career coach!
Another positive reason to go to the trouble of
creating a resume is that the process can give you a chance to take stock in
your career and your life. What have you done so far? What do you need to add to
your experience to increase opportunities? Make use of the opportunity to think
about what you have done and want to do in the future.
two major resume types, chronological and functional. The names refer to how
your experience and skills are described. The chronological resume presents
your experience in reverse chronological order (bet you weren’t expecting that).
For each job, you give your job title, the name of the organization you worked
for and your dates of employment. You then describe your successes in the
various tasks you performed during each job.
The functional resume presents your experience by skills and functions rather than by position held. This may seem like a great way to present your information. Grouping all your successes with a particular skill together seems like a great way to go. It is not. Functional resumes tend to raise red flags with employers. They assume the applicant is trying to hide something. This is because the main reason that people use functional resumes is to hide something, like a stretch of unemployment. Info in a functional resume can also be much harder for a hiring manager to corroborate It is seriously recommended that you avoid submitting a functional resume unless you know that it is common in your industry or more importantly, if they are accepted favorably by the company that you apply to.
After I have
denigrated the functional resume, be forewarned, you will be using the concept of
the functional resume in the creation of a customizable chronological (a-la-carte)
As information (I am a recovering librarian), there is a specialized resume referred to as a curriculum vitae or CV which is used almost exclusively in academia. The CV is a near exhaustive description of academic work completed, papers written, and classes taught. It can be as many pages long as the applicant’s experience might justify. That is not true for resumes for business, industry, or not-for-profit.
The proper length for a standard resume is where we
will pick up the subject of resumes in the next post.
to take a break
That is enough
for now. Stay tuned for information about what should be included in your
resume and how to create a “tool” that will help you to be able to quickly respond
to any opportunity with a customized resume.